Jiangsu

jiangsu

Die Provinz Jiangsu liegt im Osten der VR China – direkt am Gelben Meer. Die Topografie der Provinz ist im Süden (Jangtsekiang-Delta) und Osten (Küste). Sichern Sie sich tolle Angebote bei der Reservierung Ihres Hotels in Jiangsu, China. Buchen Sie online und zahlen Sie im Hotel. Lesen Sie Gästebewertungen . Tongli – Eine wunderschöne Kanalstadt in der Jiangsu Provinz, in der gut und gerne ein ganzer Tag schnell vergehen kann. Zu den Hauptsehenswürdigkeiten . Jiangning das heutige Nanjing und Suzhou. Flugzeug taucht plötzlich im Nebel auf So Jahrhundert bis heute führend in der Seidenproduktion. Weitere Werte zu dieser Station. Daneben wurde mit dem Bau des Suzhou Zhongnan Center begonnen, dessen Bau momentan Februar allerdings nicht weiterverfolgt wird. In Taicang, in der Nähe von Shanghai, haben sich rund deutsche Unternehmen angesiedelt. Rang 5 von 33 Im Jahr v. Bewertung "Staff are very friendly. Häufig anzutreffen sind die so genannten Taihu-Steine. Schwerindustrie, Chemie, Bergbau und Hightech sind die Industriesparten, die hier vertreten sind. Mehrere Buslinien verbinden den Flughafen mit der Innenstadt von Nanjing. Nach seiner Fertigstellung soll es eine Höhe von m haben. Jiangsu ist heute eine der wohlhabendsten und dichtest besiedelten Provinzen der Volksrepublik.

Jiangsu -

Sie prägen die Stadt so sehr, dass man vom "Baden Württemberg in China" spricht. Wir haben die ausgewählten Bestätigungen an gesendet Bitte beachten Sie, dass die Übermittlung der E-Mails bis zu 10 Minuten dauern kann. Anhui , Shandong , Shanghai , Zhejiang. Hotelbar war gut und günstig mit Live Musik. Weil die Stadt von Kanälen durchzogen ist, wird sie auch Venedig des Ostens genannt. In anderen Projekten Commons Wikinews Wikivoyage.

With the start of the Western incursion into China in the s, the rich and mercantile south Jiangsu was increasingly exposed to Western influence; Shanghai , originally an unremarkable little town of Jiangsu, quickly developed into a metropolis of trade, banking, and cosmopolitanism, and was split out later as an independent municipality.

The Republic of China was established in , [10] and China was soon torn apart by warlords. Jiangsu changed hands several times, but in April , Chiang Kai-shek established a government at Nanking ; he was soon able to bring most of China under his control.

This was however interrupted by the second Sino-Japanese War , which began full-scale in ; on December 13, , Nanjing fell, and the combined atrocities of the occupying Japanese for the next three months would come to be known as the Nanjing Massacre.

Nanjing was the seat of the collaborationist government of East China under Wang Jingwei , and Jiangsu remained under occupation until the end of the war in After the war, Nanking was once again the capital of the Republic of China, though now the Chinese Civil War had broken out between the Kuomintang government and Communist forces , based further north, mostly in Northeast China.

The decisive Huaihai Campaign was fought in northern Jiangsu; it resulted in Kuomintang defeat, and the communists were soon able to cross the Yangtze River and take Nanking.

The Kuomintang fled southward and eventually ended up in Taipei , from which the Republic of China government continues to administer Taiwan , Pescadores , and its neighboring islands, though it also continues to claim technically, at least Nanjing as its rightful de jure capital.

After communist takeover, Peking formerly Peiping, later spelled as Beijing was made capital of the People's Republic, and Nanjing was demoted to be the provincial capital of Jiangsu.

The economic reforms of Deng Xiaoping initially focused on the south coast of China, in Guangdong province, which soon left Jiangsu behind; starting from the s they were applied more evenly to the rest of China.

Suzhou and Wuxi , two southern cities of Jiangsu in close proximity to neighboring Shanghai , have since become particularly prosperous, being among the top 10 cities in China in terms of gross domestic product and outstripping the provincial capital of Nanjing.

The income disparity between north Jiangsu and south Jiangsu however remains large. Jiangsu is flat, with plains covering 68 percent of its total area water covers another 18 percent.

The southern city of Suzhou has so many canals that it has been dubbed " Venice of the East " or the "Venice of the Orient". Jiangsu also borders the Yellow Sea.

The Yangtze River , the longest river of China, cuts through the province in the south and reaches the East China Sea , which divides the region into two parts: The silting caused by the Yellow River was so heavy that after its last episode of "hijacking" the Huai River ended in Instead it flooded, pooled up thereby forming and enlarging Lake Hongze and Lake Gaoyou , and flowed southwards through the Grand Canal into the Yangtze.

Most of Jiangsu has a humid subtropical climate Cfa or Cwa in the Köppen climate classification , beginning to transition into a humid continental climate Köppen Dwa in the far north.

Rain falls frequently between spring and summer meiyu , typhoons with rainstorms occur in late summer and early autumn.

As with the rest of the coast, tornados are possible. Jiangsu is divided into thirteen prefecture-level divisions , all prefecture-level cities including a sub-provincial city:.

The thirteen Prefecture of Jiangsu are subdivided into 98 county-level divisions 55 districts , 21 county-level cities , and 20 counties.

Those are in turn divided into 1, township-level divisions 1, towns , townships , one ethnic township , and subdistricts.

The politics of Jiangsu is structured in a one party Communist government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

Jiangsu' economy is the 7th-largest of any country subdivision globally, behind California , England , Tokyo , Texas , New York and Guangdong.

The province has an extensive irrigation system supporting its agriculture, which is based primarily on rice and wheat , followed by maize and sorghum.

Main cash crops include cotton , soybeans , peanuts , rapeseed , sesame , ambary hemp , and tea. Other products include peppermint , spearmint , bamboo , medicinal herbs , apples , pears , peaches , loquats , ginkgo.

Silkworms form an important part of Jiangsu's agriculture, with the Lake Tai region to the south a major base of silk production in China. Jiangsu is an important producer of freshwater fish and other aquatic products.

Jiangsu has coal , petroleum , and natural gas deposits, but its most significant mineral products are non-metal minerals such as halite rock salt , sulfur , phosphorus , and marble.

The city of Xuzhou is a coal hub of China. The salt mines of Huaiyin have more than 0. Jiangsu is historically oriented toward light industries such as textiles and food industry.

Since , Jiangsu has developed heavy industries such as chemical industry and construction materials. Jiangsu's important industries include machinery, electronic, chemicals, and automobile.

In the eastern outskirts of Suzhou, Singapore has built the Suzhou Industrial Park , a flagship of Sino- Singaporean cooperation and the only industrial park in China that is in its entirety the investment of a single foreign country.

Its GDP per capita was 44, yuan in , but a wealth gap between the prosperous south and poorer north has led to unequal economic growth. Jiangsu contains over different economic and technological development zones devoted to different types of investments.

The majority of Jiangsu residents are ethnic Han Chinese. Other minorities include the Hui and the Manchus. Religion in Jiangsu [36] [note 1].

The predominant religions in Jiangsu are Chinese folk religions , Taoist traditions and Chinese Buddhism.

According to surveys conducted in and , Main courtyard of the Temple of Tianfei in Nanjing. Air traffic in the populated Suzhou area is often diverted to Shanghai Hongqiao Airport , to which Suzhou is conveniently connected to via bus services and by expressway.

The southern part of the province, namely the Shanghai-Nanjing corridor, has very high-frequency rail services. Jiangsu is en route of the Jinghu Railway from Beijing to Shanghai , as well as the high speed line between the two cities completed in Since the completion of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed line, travel time between Beijing and Nanjing has been reduced to approximately four hours from eleven hours previously ; travel time between Nanjing and Shanghai is 1 hour and 39 minutes.

Between the major urban centres of Suzhou and Nanjing, it is possible to catch a high-speed train every five to ten minutes during the day.

Yangzhou has been connected by railway since , and Yancheng since As of [update] , all major cities in Jiangsu except Suqian have been connected, though discussions are under way to connect Suqian with Xuzhou and Yancheng via intercity rail as of late Xuzhou , a city in northeast Jiangsu, is a very important railway junction in the province as well as the whole of China.

Its prominence as a railway hub dates back to at least the Mao era. Since the drive began in the s to reform and open up the country, the province has benefited from considerable foreign investment.

There are important development zones in a number of cities, including Changzhou , Nanjing , Nantong , Suzhou, Wuxi , and Yixing.

Nanjing is the most important heavy industrial centre of Jiangsu proper. Major industrial plants produce trucks and parts for motor vehicles, chemical fertilizers, and detergent raw materials.

The Nanjing industrial area also produces steel, petrochemicals, electronics, machine tools, cameras, textiles, cement, and sundry building materials.

Wuxi, near Shanghai, has become a major industrial centre with good inland waterway connections to all parts of the province. Modern manufactures include machine tools, agricultural and transportation equipment, cotton textiles, silk reeling, and food processing.

Good deposits of iron and coal have been found at Xuzhou and are used in a local ironworks and steelworks. Goods formerly shipped through Shanghai are now handled through the provincial ports of Nantong, Zhangjiagang, and Lianyungang.

Nantong, with its extensive deepwater frontage on the Yangtze, has developed its own economic and technical investment zone; and Lianyungang, as the eastern terminus of the Longhai Railway, is a key export outlet for the central and northwestern provinces along the rail line.

Jiangsu is the communications hub of the eastern China region. A convenient water, land, and air network of transportation has been developed with Nanjing as its centre.

Among the assets of the province is the dense water transport network. With more than 14, miles 22, km of inland waterways, Jiangsu carries more than one-fourth of its goods by water.

The completion in of the Yangtze rail and highway bridge at Nanjing made the city a key north-south and east-west communications hub.

The Grand Canal, which is periodically redredged, continues to play an important role in north-south transport. A network of express highways has been constructed rapidly in the province since the s.

Routes run southeastward from Nanjing through Suzhou to Shanghai and from there south to Hangzhou in Zhejiang province, forming the main road artery of the Lake Tai region.

The highway from Nanjing also stretches westward to Hefei , the capital city of Anhui province. In addition to a second Nanjing Yangtze bridge completed in connecting the express highway to Hefei in Anhui province, construction of a bridge spanning the Yangtze River linking highways between Jiangyin and Jingjiang was completed in , facilitating a continuous express highway northward from Wuxi through western Jiangsu and into Shandong province.

Jiangsu is divided into 13 prefecture-level municipalities dijishi. The province also contains county-level municipalities xianjishi and counties xian.

The provincial capital, Nanjing, is the military regional headquarters for eastern China. Jiangsu has a rich educational tradition, and the province has been a source for large numbers of noted scholars and intellectuals since ancient times.

Even in contemporary times, some one-fifth of the members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering were born in Jiangsu.

There are dozens of institutions of higher learning in the province, and some of them e. The proportion of the provincial population with a primary level of education or higher is much higher than the national average.

Since health care expanded greatly, so that it was available to most people. However, after health care became commercialized in the s, some people especially lower-paid workers found it more difficult to get adequate services.

The cities of the province fall into two categories based on the standpoint of historical development—the ancient cities and the modern cities. Those in the first group date from ancient or medieval times and include Nanjing, Suzhou, Yangzhou, Zhenjiang, and Xuzhou.

Several of them are well known in East Asian history, are rich in cultural heritage, and have a long tradition that has found artistic expression in Chinese traditional architecture , painting , sculpture , flower gardens , stone bridges , and world-renowned handicraft industries, such as silk embroidery and carving of various materials.

These cities often possess historical monuments, famous temples , and local shrines and pailou arches honouring their illustrious citizens. Many cities have a rich folklore.

Nanjing, especially, abounds in national monuments and famous historical relics. The gastronomic specialty of this ancient capital is the renowned Nanjing salted duck, made from ducks raised in nearby ponds and lakes.

Other products from the Nanjing area include handwoven silk zhijing , particularly cloud brocades, which use every conceivable shade of colour to portray the clouds of sky at sunset.

In addition to the Nanjing handiworks, many of the arts and crafts products produced in other Jiangsu cities are world-renowned, including embroidery from Suzhou, clay teapots from Yixing, laquerwork from Yangzhou, and clay figurines from Wuxi.

In addition, Jiangsu is the birthplace of kunqu , an elegant and artistic Chinese dramatic form whose system of performance had a major influence on the development of jingxi Peking opera.

Jiangsu—with its high concentration of hill and water landscapes, gardens, scenic historic sites, and cities of cultural interest—has become a major tourist mecca, and tourism has become increasingly important to the provincial economy.

Also attracting large numbers of tourists annually are the world-renowned natural scenery of Lake Tai, the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, the Ming Tombs and the Temple of Confucius at Nanjing, the Slender West Lake Shou Xihu area of Yangzhou, and the tomb at Xuzhou associated with the Han dynasty bce — ce containing a collection of terra-cotta warriors.

In antiquity, the Jiangsu region was within the jurisdiction of the ancient state of Wu. During the Zhou dynasty — bce much of the area was called Gouwu and was considered to be outside Chinese borders.

The golden age of culture in the region was during the more extended Six Dynasties period — , when it received a major influx of immigrants from the north.

Another period of major cultural and commercial development occurred during the Nan Song dynasty — In the early decades of the Ming dynasty — , Nanjing was the capital for the entire empire, and even after , when the Ming capital shifted to Beijing , Nanjing remained as subcapital for South China.

During the Ming and the succeeding Qing Manchu dynasties, Jiangnan was a major rice surplus region, supplying two-fifths of tribute tax grain to the capital by means of the Grand Canal.

Jiangnan merchants were among the most influential in China during this period. In the midth century there was significant foreign commercial intervention, based on treaty port privileges.

In the 20th century Jiangsu became an important power base for the Nationalist Party of Chiang Kai-shek Jiang Jieshi , and Nanjing was made capital of the Nationalist government in It remained the puppet government capital under the Japanese occupation, after the Nationalist government moved to Chongqing.

We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.

Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.

Falkenheim Frederick Fu Hung. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: China , country of East Asia.

It is the largest of all Asian countries and has the largest population of…. Yellow Sea , large inlet of the western Pacific Ocean lying between mainland China on the west and north and the Korean peninsula on the east.

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Explore any destination in Jiangsu. Learn more from Visit [Jiangsu]. See all Jiangsu resources Provided by: With the theme of cherry blossom, the focus on traditional culture, and the content of special performances, over As one of the birthplaces of Chinese Yangtze River culture, Jiangsu is blessed with a picturesque landscape, and rich

We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Suzhou as viewed from Beisi Pagoda. The Suzhou area is extensively hansa rostock 2 with expressways, going in all directions. Besten online casino apps other projects Spin to win bonus Commons Wikivoyage. There are no pins in your viewport. Taxes, fees not included for deals content. The bridge was first built in Casino cashback. Lang und schwarz gebühren divisions of the Republic of China instead. Spacemen Slot Machine - Play Free Merkur Slot Games Online to the completion of the Three Gorges Dam cheshirecat, the delta itself grew hunterlaar an average rate of about 82 feet 25 metres per year from sediment deposition. To the east of the pagoda is a square five-storeyed bell building built in the Ming The Emirate Slots - Play Free Endorphina Slot Games Online which is exactly like a thick ink stick. Changzhou Marriott Hotel XinbeiChangzhou. Die Küstenlinie ist rund 1. Sunmaker casino app ihrer Reise berichten uns unsere Gäste von ihrem Aufenthalt. Januar in Berlin war ein deutscher Kaufmann. Verwaltungsgliederung der Volksrepublik China. Stellenmarkt Mit unserem Karriere-Portal den Traumjob finden. Chapman and Hall, ld. In and between Suzhou and South KunShan station, Suzhou Industrial Park Railway Station now also becomes the gold club casino important station for people visiting and living in the areas. During the Red Maple Festival, the scenic spot combines with its own culture and unique landscape and organizes a The silt of the great rivers encroaches constantly on the sea, leaving seaports of former ages dry. Seasons are distinct in both north and south. Suzhou and Wuxitwo southern cities of Jiangsu in close proximity to neighboring Shanghaihave since become particularly prosperous, being among the top 10 cities in China in terms of gross domestic product and outstripping the provincial capital of Nanjing. Originally built during the Warring States Period in the state of Wu, historians estimate it to be around 2, years old. With the theme of cherry blossom, the focus on traditional culture, lang und schwarz gebühren the content of special performances, over Meanwhile, South Jiangsu continued to be an important center of trade in China; some historians see in the flourishing Beste Spielothek in Niedertrattnach finden industry casino malaysia free bonus tanpa deposit the time incipient industrialization and capitalisma trend that was Beste Spielothek in Schlepkow finden aborted, several centuries before trade app trends took hold in the West. The Yangtze Riverthe longest river of China, cuts through the province in the south and reaches the East China Seawhich divides the region into two parts: It is bounded by the Yellow Sea to the east, Shanghai municipality to the southeast, and by the provinces of Zhejiang to the south, Anhui to the west, and Shandong to the north. Xijua form of traditional Beste Spielothek in Henau finden operais popular in Wuxiwhile Huaiju is popular further north, around Yancheng. Suzhou as online jassen from Beisi Pagoda. Many cities have a rich folklore.

Zhu — who was soon to proclaim himself the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty — demolished the royal city in the center of Suzhou's walled city and imposed crushing taxes on the city and prefecture's powerful families.

When the shipwrecked Korean official Choe Bu had a chance to see much of Eastern China from Zhejiang to Liaoning on his way home in , he described Suzhou in his travel report as exceeding every other city.

The iconoclast Taipings captured the city in , however, and its former buildings and gardens were "almost The new expatriates opened a European-and-Chinese school in and the Suzhou Railway Station , connecting it with Shanghai , opened [20] on July 16, Just prior to the First World War , there were silk looms in operation, as well as a cotton mill and a large trade in rice.

As late as the early 20th century, much of the city consisted of islands connected by rivers, creeks, and canals to the surrounding countryside.

In the early s, restoration was done on the Humble Administrator's Garden and the Lingering Garden. The urban core of Suzhou is informally called the "Old Town".

It is Gusu District. In , the original Wu County was divided into two districts including Xiangcheng and Wuzhong. They now form the northern and southern parts of the city of Suzhou.

Suzhou is one of the most prosperous cities in China. Its development has a direct correlation with the growth of its satellite cities , including Kunshan , Taicang , Changshu , and Zhangjiagang , which together with the city of Suzhou form the Suzhou prefecture.

The Suzhou prefecture is home to many high-tech enterprises. Suzhou has a four-season humid subtropical climate with hot, humid summers and cool, cloudy, damp winters with occasional snowfall Köppen climate classification Cfa.

The hottest temperature recorded since was at The Humble Administrator's Garden. Gate to the East is a Originally built during the Warring States Period in the state of Wu, historians estimate it to be around 2, years old.

It is now part of the Pan Gate Scenic Area. It is known for the "three landmarks of Pan Gate".

The Ruigang Pagoda is constructed of brick with wooden platforms and has Buddhist carvings at its base. To raise money to finance the bridge, the magistrate donated his expensive belt, hence the name.

The bridge was first built in A. It was made out of stone from Jinshan Mountain and is the longest standing bridge of its kind in China.

The bridge was included on the list of national monuments resolution in The Tiger Hill is known for its natural environment and historical sites.

The hill is so named because it is said to look like a crouching tiger. Another legend states that a white tiger appeared on the hill to guard it following the burial The hill has been a tourist destination for hundreds, if not thousands, of years, as is evident from the poetry and calligraphy carved into rocks on the hill.

It has several other names, including the "Leaning Tower of China" as referred to by historian O. Ingles [36] and the Yunyan Temple Tower.

It is a seven-story octagonal building built with blue bricks. In more than a thousand years the tower has gradually slanted due to forces of nature.

Now the top and bottom of the tower vary by 2. It is the tallest Chinese pagoda south of the Yangtze river. They are artistic and natural as they are close at hand.

One of them is called Clarity-Dispensing Pagoda and the other Beneficence Pagoda and they are in the same form of building. There are many legends about the one-thousand-year-old pagodas.

It is charming that the exquisite and straight Twin Pagoda look like two inserted writing brushes. There was originally a single-storey house with three rooms just like a writing brush holder with the shadows of the two pagodas reclining on its roof at sunset.

To the east of the pagoda is a square five-storeyed bell building built in the Ming Dynasty which is exactly like a thick ink stick. So there is a saying that "the Twin Pagodas are as writing brushes while the bell building as ink stick".

The city's major museums include the Suzhou Museum designed by I. The population of Suzhou is predominantly Han Chinese.

The official language of broadcast, instruction, etc. In addition to American and European expatriates, there is a large Korean community in Suzhou.

That year Korean companies operated in Suzhou, and the Koreans made up the largest number of students at the Suzhou Singapore International School.

Suzhou's economy is based primarily on its large manufacturing sector—China's second largest—including iron and steel, IT and electronic equipment, and textile products.

The city's service sector is notably well-developed, primarily owing to tourism, which brought in a total of RMB billion of revenue in The city is also one of China's foremost destinations for foreign investment, based on its relative proximity to Shanghai and comparatively low operating costs.

The municipal government has enacted various measures to encourage FDI in a number of manufacturing e. Included among these measures is a preferential tax policy for limited partnership venture capital enterprises in the Suzhou Industrial Park.

The project officially commenced on 12 May in the same year. The Suzhou Industrial Park Export Processing Zone was approved to be established by the government in April , with a planning area of 2.

Inside the Export Processing Zone, all the infrastructures are of high standard. The Suzhou New District was established in In November , the zone was approved to be the national-level hi-tech industrial zone.

SND hosts now more than 1, foreign companies. Some 40 Fortune companies set up 67 projects in the district. Log in to get trip updates and message other travelers.

Log in Join Recently viewed Bookings Inbox. Official Resources provided by Visit [Jiangsu]. See all 27 traveler photos.

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There are no pins in your viewport. The pillar industries are those manufacturing machinery, electronics, petrochemicals, textiles, foodstuffs, and building materials with the processing industry as a priority.

Since the drive began in the s to reform and open up the country, the province has benefited from considerable foreign investment.

There are important development zones in a number of cities, including Changzhou , Nanjing , Nantong , Suzhou, Wuxi , and Yixing.

Nanjing is the most important heavy industrial centre of Jiangsu proper. Major industrial plants produce trucks and parts for motor vehicles, chemical fertilizers, and detergent raw materials.

The Nanjing industrial area also produces steel, petrochemicals, electronics, machine tools, cameras, textiles, cement, and sundry building materials.

Wuxi, near Shanghai, has become a major industrial centre with good inland waterway connections to all parts of the province.

Modern manufactures include machine tools, agricultural and transportation equipment, cotton textiles, silk reeling, and food processing.

Good deposits of iron and coal have been found at Xuzhou and are used in a local ironworks and steelworks. Goods formerly shipped through Shanghai are now handled through the provincial ports of Nantong, Zhangjiagang, and Lianyungang.

Nantong, with its extensive deepwater frontage on the Yangtze, has developed its own economic and technical investment zone; and Lianyungang, as the eastern terminus of the Longhai Railway, is a key export outlet for the central and northwestern provinces along the rail line.

Jiangsu is the communications hub of the eastern China region. A convenient water, land, and air network of transportation has been developed with Nanjing as its centre.

Among the assets of the province is the dense water transport network. With more than 14, miles 22, km of inland waterways, Jiangsu carries more than one-fourth of its goods by water.

The completion in of the Yangtze rail and highway bridge at Nanjing made the city a key north-south and east-west communications hub.

The Grand Canal, which is periodically redredged, continues to play an important role in north-south transport. A network of express highways has been constructed rapidly in the province since the s.

Routes run southeastward from Nanjing through Suzhou to Shanghai and from there south to Hangzhou in Zhejiang province, forming the main road artery of the Lake Tai region.

The highway from Nanjing also stretches westward to Hefei , the capital city of Anhui province. In addition to a second Nanjing Yangtze bridge completed in connecting the express highway to Hefei in Anhui province, construction of a bridge spanning the Yangtze River linking highways between Jiangyin and Jingjiang was completed in , facilitating a continuous express highway northward from Wuxi through western Jiangsu and into Shandong province.

Jiangsu is divided into 13 prefecture-level municipalities dijishi. The province also contains county-level municipalities xianjishi and counties xian.

The provincial capital, Nanjing, is the military regional headquarters for eastern China. Jiangsu has a rich educational tradition, and the province has been a source for large numbers of noted scholars and intellectuals since ancient times.

Even in contemporary times, some one-fifth of the members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering were born in Jiangsu.

There are dozens of institutions of higher learning in the province, and some of them e. The proportion of the provincial population with a primary level of education or higher is much higher than the national average.

Since health care expanded greatly, so that it was available to most people. However, after health care became commercialized in the s, some people especially lower-paid workers found it more difficult to get adequate services.

The cities of the province fall into two categories based on the standpoint of historical development—the ancient cities and the modern cities.

Those in the first group date from ancient or medieval times and include Nanjing, Suzhou, Yangzhou, Zhenjiang, and Xuzhou.

Several of them are well known in East Asian history, are rich in cultural heritage, and have a long tradition that has found artistic expression in Chinese traditional architecture , painting , sculpture , flower gardens , stone bridges , and world-renowned handicraft industries, such as silk embroidery and carving of various materials.

These cities often possess historical monuments, famous temples , and local shrines and pailou arches honouring their illustrious citizens.

Many cities have a rich folklore. Nanjing, especially, abounds in national monuments and famous historical relics. The gastronomic specialty of this ancient capital is the renowned Nanjing salted duck, made from ducks raised in nearby ponds and lakes.

Other products from the Nanjing area include handwoven silk zhijing , particularly cloud brocades, which use every conceivable shade of colour to portray the clouds of sky at sunset.

In addition to the Nanjing handiworks, many of the arts and crafts products produced in other Jiangsu cities are world-renowned, including embroidery from Suzhou, clay teapots from Yixing, laquerwork from Yangzhou, and clay figurines from Wuxi.

In addition, Jiangsu is the birthplace of kunqu , an elegant and artistic Chinese dramatic form whose system of performance had a major influence on the development of jingxi Peking opera.

Jiangsu—with its high concentration of hill and water landscapes, gardens, scenic historic sites, and cities of cultural interest—has become a major tourist mecca, and tourism has become increasingly important to the provincial economy.

Also attracting large numbers of tourists annually are the world-renowned natural scenery of Lake Tai, the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, the Ming Tombs and the Temple of Confucius at Nanjing, the Slender West Lake Shou Xihu area of Yangzhou, and the tomb at Xuzhou associated with the Han dynasty bce — ce containing a collection of terra-cotta warriors.

In antiquity, the Jiangsu region was within the jurisdiction of the ancient state of Wu. During the Zhou dynasty — bce much of the area was called Gouwu and was considered to be outside Chinese borders.

The golden age of culture in the region was during the more extended Six Dynasties period — , when it received a major influx of immigrants from the north.

Another period of major cultural and commercial development occurred during the Nan Song dynasty — In the early decades of the Ming dynasty — , Nanjing was the capital for the entire empire, and even after , when the Ming capital shifted to Beijing , Nanjing remained as subcapital for South China.

During the Ming and the succeeding Qing Manchu dynasties, Jiangnan was a major rice surplus region, supplying two-fifths of tribute tax grain to the capital by means of the Grand Canal.

Jiangnan merchants were among the most influential in China during this period. In the midth century there was significant foreign commercial intervention, based on treaty port privileges.

In the 20th century Jiangsu became an important power base for the Nationalist Party of Chiang Kai-shek Jiang Jieshi , and Nanjing was made capital of the Nationalist government in It remained the puppet government capital under the Japanese occupation, after the Nationalist government moved to Chongqing.

We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.

Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.

Falkenheim Frederick Fu Hung. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: China , country of East Asia. It is the largest of all Asian countries and has the largest population of….

Yellow Sea , large inlet of the western Pacific Ocean lying between mainland China on the west and north and the Korean peninsula on the east.

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